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汉服、Lo裙、JK制服,怎样掏空95后00后的钱包

????题图来自:东方IC,2019年6月26日,哈尔滨工程大学大学毕业生拍摄毕业照。女同学们身着汉服拍照,留下校园的美好瞬间。,
,2019年是个风口稀疏的年份。相较于2017年的消费升级、2018年的新零售,2019年直到现在,一级市场依然沉寂,缺少行业性的投资主题。但实际上,在资本表面上的风平浪静之下,新的用户消费行为特性,正在推动各种新生商业细分领域迅速勃发,在一个个大众注意力之外的角落,创造新的财富与机遇。,
,为捕捉这些新生机会点,深响编辑团队专门推出了新消费元素系列观察,探究各种新生消费文化背后的消费逻辑和商业本质。新消费元素系列的第001篇,首先请大家和我们一起了解汉服这样的小众服饰背后的生意经——谁在为这些小众的衣服买单?这些看似狭小的市场背后又有着什么样的商机?作者:昕怡,编辑:语珊。,
,汉服、Lo裙、JK制服……,
,那些你叫不上来名字的服装派系,正随着亚文化的发展壮大,逐渐走出漫展、文化节,成为街头日常可见的着装。,
,你或许很难理解,为什么会有人为这些宽袍大袖的“古装”、层层叠叠的“公主裙”和中学女生校服一掷千金,也不太能理解这些服饰为什么能自成派系。但主流文化的不理解并不影响小众服饰的高速增长,垂直媒体汉服资讯就曾估算,2018年汉服商业市场规模已经超过10亿元,比2015年1.5亿元的规模翻了好几倍;天猫《2018汉服消费人群报告》中也显示,2018年购买汉服人数同比增长92%。,
,,中国丝绸博物馆、天猫国潮来了、华裳九州共同举办的国风大赏,
,汉服、JK制服和Lo裙今天都在年轻人亚文化中占据了自己的一席之地,也因此有了规模市场化的可能性。今天具有“互联网原住民”、“Z时代”等一众标签的年轻群体,相比起前几代年轻人,不单单与互联网连接更加紧密,有着更强的信息获取能力,同时也有着更强的物质基础,允许他们在日常生活中个性特征更强烈,服饰选择更为多样化——这些市场特征都为小众服饰的规模化提供了基础。,
,,青年志《90后青年生活形态报告》,
,但这也仅仅是一个开端。同样受制于受众个性化、圈子小众化等特点,小众服饰目前也面临着市场集中化程度低、获客缓慢、服饰定制化要求高,以及产量、质量跟不上市场需求等问题。,
,小众服饰究竟是一门什么样的生意?在各个细分垂类中,有哪些快速崛起的垂直市场头部玩家?这个细分领域想要进一步发展,接下来需要解决哪些问题?,
,“圈子文化中的用户:敏感、考究、强口碑驱动”,
,在谈及任何一点商业模式和营销战略前,首先我们需要明白的是,这是一个什么样的市场。,
,对于汉服、JK制服和Lo裙这些小众服饰类别来说,最为突出的特点就是用户群整体年轻、垂直,以及圈子化:在作为某个服装派系的消费者前,他们首先是对应亚文化的受众,对于相应的亚文化及对应的圈子,往往有着较强的身份认同和归属感。,
,,Lolita茶会,
,小众服饰的消费者彼此之间也通过特殊称谓等方式,构建圈层文化。如汉服圈内,同好彼此之间互称为“同袍”,取自《诗经》中的“与子同袍”;Lo裙的爱好者,则被称为Lo娘。这些称谓都是身份认同的体现。,
,也正是因此在这类市场中,用户的消费行为,不仅仅源于对商品的喜好,也有一定的身份认同的存在——这就使得小众服饰的核心消费者品牌意识极强,对于版式、制式等问题敏感,最突出的体现就在于非常强调山正之争。,
,所谓山寨,在小众服装市场里指的是自己不做原创设计,抄袭、模仿原创店款式的店家。由于山寨店家往往仅需要缝纫机布料等简单工具就能开工,并能使用数个马甲与正版店家进行“游击战”,在原创店上新之后,山店又往往能通过更低的价格取胜,主要吸引不明道里,或希望省钱的消费者。尽管店家会采取举报等措施维权,但效果微乎其微。,
,,
,山寨横行,不高兴的是店家,更不高兴的是购买正版的消费者。他们花费更高的价格,等待了漫长的制作工期以获得成衣,其中有不少还是需要拼手速抢购的限量版,而购买山寨的人却以较低的价格、短暂的等待时间,获得了相似的衣服,在正版购买者心中难免膈应。态度激进的Lo娘甚至对穿山寨的人形成了固定称呼——“穿山甲”。,
,消费者采取过不少行动自发对正版进行保护,譬如贴出山寨店家一览表,在微博上排雷,更有甚者,曾有路遇穿山寨的陌生人而当众开骂的案例发生——像辱骂路人这样的行为显然已经过分偏激,但足以看出对圈内成员来说,正版已经成了某种信仰。强烈的自发信念也使正版店家得到了稳定的固定消费群体,形成了小众服装市场中强品牌效应这一大特点。,
,,贴吧中对汉服山寨店家的整理贴,
,而强烈的圈子文化,使得在“山正之争”以外,“正版”消费者中也出现了分化。,
,例如在购买汉服的群体中,就存在正统汉服对改良汉服的“鄙视”,宋明服饰对魏晋唐的“鄙视”。汉服圈中就曾经发生“仙汉分家”的事件:两片式齐胸襦裙和魏晋风,由于不可考据的形制,被部分爱好者认为不应该被称为汉服,只是商家自创的好看衣服,所以应该叫仙服——这一类的形制之争,也引起了很多人的不满。,
,而在JK制服和Lo裙中,则有日牌和国牌之间的分化,本质上可以算是基于价格而存在着“鄙视链”。,
,在Lo裙中,经营时间更为悠久的日牌,在设计、制作等方面经验更为丰富,因此质量大多优于国牌,当然价格也通常更高——Lo裙日牌价格通常在千元以上,贵的甚至可以达到万元;而国牌整体定位更为平易近人,均价在500元以下的居多。,
,JK制服中的分类也存在层次差异。在日本,制服分为校供与非校供:校供的衣服是专门供给学校的,只能该校学生购买,只会偶尔通过二手市场在校外流通;而常见的一手制服,则是非校供的日常款,形制版式与校服类似,但没有购买限制。无论是校供还是非校供,日牌的JK制服整体价格较高,而国牌在价格上就比较亲民,便宜的衬衣百元以下便能搞定。,
,,日牌JK制服COMOMI在天猫开设了旗舰店,不过这种日牌官方店在中国尚属少数,为国牌的成长提供了机会,
,这样的小众圈层文化,也极大程度上影响了小众服装的品牌构建方式。,
,对于用户而言,虽然单品200~500元之间的消费尚可接受,但小众服饰毕竟不是常服,对于单个用户来说,购买的频次、拥有的件数都相对有限,而在行业良莠不齐的情况下,自己去通过一次次购买来试错证伪,成本也未必高了一些——在这样的情况下,通过资讯博、树洞博等方式,信息共享,就能极大地减少消费者与商家之间的信息差。,
,同时,也由于前面所说到的“山正之争”等敏感问题,在制式规范复杂又缺乏共识,同时大多消费者考据能力也有限的情况下,大众整体还是相对更为仰仗品牌口碑,以及圈内大号资讯为自己的消费行为作参考。这也意味着,圈内“口碑”对于商家至关重要,在圈子中获得认可是成功的关键,少量资讯号和业内KOL在圈内更是举足轻重。,
,,Lolita资讯号,
,对商家而言,被挂一次对品牌往往都是不小的打击,尤其在分批出货的情况下,如果前面的批次出现了负面口碑,剩余批次经常会出现雪崩式的退货情况,对于体量较小的新店,甚至能构成封店、闭店的打击。,
,,某汉服店经历退款闭店的风波,
,除了微博以外,也由于亚文化圈层同时也是一种兴趣社区,贴吧、QQ等在我们日常视野中已经退居二线的社交产品,在小众服饰的贩售中往往起着重要作用——从售前、售后客服,到长期品牌维护、用户管理,贴吧、QQ的“半公开”但不暴露现实生活身份的方式,对于小众文化受众而言更能提供安全感。,
,此外,偶尔切入现实生活的线下漫展、汉服文化活动等也是商家推广的一个方式。以Lo裙为例,在国内会有一些品牌自己的推广茶会,也会有一些Lo娘自发组织的茶会。推广茶会上,商家会模仿日牌Lo裙的宣传方式,在茶会上进行新品发布走秀,甚至推出茶会限定款。,
,考虑到受众密度等原因,线下活动自然还是集中在一二线城市,因此对于消费者来说,线下途径仍然不是信息获取的主要途径,只是辅助性手段。,
,,日牌Lo裙AP在上海的官方店,
,小众市场特色
,
,定金尾款制,
,相对而言,在小众服饰中,汉服与Lo裙的设计及制作工艺都较为复杂:汉服有不小的考据成本,剪裁方式也有异于常服;而层层叠叠的Lo裙,内衬、蕾丝边,每处精致的细节都是一道道的工序成本。这些因素,也制约着小众服饰的产量提升。,
,同时,也因为受众窄、销量小,为了测试市场反馈,规避商品滞销带来的亏损,大量实力有限的小众服饰商家采用的都是定金尾款制。定金的比例在30%左右较为常见,少数情况下甚至会出现全款预售。,
,,定金+尾款形式,
,定金尾款制在淘宝也不算罕见,但相当于小批量定制的小众服饰,在开始售卖、收取定金的时候可能只有单件样衣,甚至是仅仅只有设计图——这就意味着,消费者下单后,想拿到商品恐怕还要经过漫长的等待。,
,同时,制作工期较长也迫使商家不得不使用定金尾款制。如明华堂这种走高端路线的汉服商家,客单价较高,一条单裙就是两三千的价格,最贵的套装能达到万元以上,而截至目前明华堂官网上显示工期已经排到了2020年的12月初——让用户付全款后还要长时间等待,规模较小的店就很难承受住这样的压力了。,
,,明华堂官网,
,普遍的定金尾款制,也引起了一些问题。不少商家使用的并非淘宝官方的定金尾款功能,而是定金单拍,在消费者拍下定金后,还会发出制作精美的定金函。但商家同时要求消费者在收到定金函后即确认收货,相当于独立的一单交易已经完成,等到商品实际制作完成后,再另拍尾款——这给商家在后续制作费用产生变化的情况下,提供了一些缓冲变通的余地,但同时也给流单后的纠纷处理带来了不少麻烦。,
,当然,业内也有不必使用定金尾款制的商家。譬如以汉服改良款式为主的川黛,最火爆的衣服的月销量可以达到几千——相比于正统的汉服,它更具备流行性的元素,也更加便于穿戴,价格也相对较低,也因此很少采用定金+尾款的方式,基本上是通过全款销售。,
,,川黛的一款热销汉元素连衣裙,
,高额定金,再加漫长的制作周期,在常人眼里看来是难以接受的。但出于热爱,愿意冒风险、愿意等待的小众服饰消费者其实并不在少数,因此定金尾款制在小众服饰圈子内基本上已经成了常态。,
,不过,由于大量新商家涌入这个领域,这两年中拖工期,最后还货不对板的“翻车”事件频繁爆发,也让消费者对此有所反思——毕竟买喜欢的衣服还买出了维权事件的情况,让人心累之余也有违追逐兴趣的初心。在此影响下,只买现货以避雷的消费者数量也在上升中。,
,二手交易:混乱而分散,
,小众服饰市场还有一个比较突出的特点,就是衍生出了庞大的二手交易市场。,
,这里也有几重原因。首先还是刚才讲到的,产量、销量都较小,不少款式都是一批数百件左右的量,实际上可以算作是限量版。随着小众服饰的受众逐渐扩大,一些稀缺限量的经典款式也备受追捧,甚至具有一定的收藏价值,这就促进了二手市场的交易。,
,其次,除了日常自用和收藏型的爱好者以外,也确实有比例不小的消费者穿小众服饰仅仅是为了拍照的。“一件衣服穿着拍过照以后,就失去了它的灵魂。”那么,通过二手交易来处理这些已经拍过照的服饰,也再正常不过了。,
,同时,又由于商家本身有限的供给,在一手交易中,需要定时定点“抢”新款的情况时有发生。而小众服饰的爱好者,又有极高的兴趣和热情,那么在二手市场上蹲守由于拍完照了不需要的衣服等等原因被出手的衣服,也在情理之中。,
,另外,也由于稀缺性,对于一些经典或是大热款式而言,二手市场的价格甚至可能高于原单价格。,
,,原价仅为900多的九尾,在咸鱼的二手价格已经达到千元,
,目前汉服的一手交易相对集中,中国汉服网曾估算2018年,淘宝汉服商家产值约占线上线下所有汉服商家产值75%左右。但对于二手交易来说,市场就更为分散、混乱:贴吧、微博和闲鱼都可能是二手交易信息的聚集地,交易的方式则是零散的,没有绝对固定的平台,脱离交易平台,直接转账付款等收货的原始线上交易也时有发生——自然也有不少骗局的存在,但高度C2C的市场也很难从监管层面进行规范,对市场秩序造成了一些挑战。,
,还值得一提的是,由于前面提到的定金尾款制,二手交易的对象不仅仅包括现货,付了定金的单子也可能在二手市场上被交易,同样可能获得高于原单的价格——这种朴素期货市场的产生,自然也引了不少黄牛入场抢单,又进一步破坏了小众服饰的市场秩序。,
,“快速发展背后的隐忧”,
,供给失衡下的乱象,
,以上的种种因素作用下,结合小众服饰与日俱增的热度,这个市场目前正因此面临供需关系失衡的问题。《每日经济新闻》就曾报道,汉服商家“重回汉唐”原先对2018-2019年销量的预估是翻一倍,实际情况却翻了五六倍,而能满足生产要求的现成的工厂却少之又少。在这样的情况下工厂的生产规模、公司人员配备,都需要不小的时间来准备完善。,
,这种情况下,随之而来的问题自然就是兴盛的山寨市场。,
,山寨的店铺略去了设计、研制和宣传的时间精力和投入,在原料、工艺成本上也打了折扣,利润更高,吸引了不少投机者入场。虽然抵制山寨的声音不绝于耳,但山寨、抄袭依然能在小众服饰市场中吃下不小的销量。在淘宝上搜索汉服、JK制服和Lo裙等关键词,搜索结果中就会混杂着大量山寨产品,不具备山寨和正版的辨识能力的人,很容易就会误入所谓的山寨店,购买产品。,
,,一款大火的Lo裙《人形师》,在淘宝上的搜索结果几乎全是山寨,
,同时,由于正版服饰工期长、价格贵,还不容易买到,山寨商家看准了这一块的商机,在新品上架的第一时间便通过盗图,或是重新制版打样、自己拍效果图的方式,规避直接搬运的版权风险。而且,由于山寨商家往往会在工序上省事,山寨款式甚至有可能在正版商家之前交货,甚至可能混淆视听,给尚未交货的正版商家造成负面口碑,让正版商家苦不堪言。,
,除此以外,黄牛也在供需失衡的市场上,分到了一杯羹。譬如看似平平无常的二手交易,却可能在转单上暗藏玄机。一种黄牛的操作手法是,抢购热门店铺的上新商品定金,再高价卖出。对于那些急于获得衣服却没有抢上的消费者来说,也愿意接受此中产生的差价。,
,,清辉阁千里江山,已绝版。原价在一千元,
,而对于已经出成品的衣服,也可以加以利用。前面提到,很多店铺实质性限量行为,造成了“一衣难求”的局面,也因此炒高了衣服在二手市场上的价格。换句话说,如果商家不再版,衣服就相当于处于“绝版”的状态,就有可能像古董一样,价格越炒越高。,
,二手市场的价格过高又直接影响了一手商品的销售。当某家店的衣服在二手市场上形成高价,也会给消费者(以及黄牛)产生这家店衣服很抢手的心理预期,就会在后续商家的销售中,催生更不理性的抢购,推高商家的销售业绩。也因此,也有不少人猜测商家本身也在纵容、默许这种倒卖及抢购行为,为自己后续款式的销售造势。,
,质量赶不上数量,
,正如前文所言,小众服饰产量销量有限,大多批次数量较小,一般都是在确认预定数量后再联系厂家进行制作。这样的操作,在快速扩张时期就可能出现种种问题,尤其体现在目前发展迅速的汉服产业上。,
,首先,庞大的工作量降低产品的质量。汉服消费者对用料、裁剪要求较高,但在目前需求量快速提升的情况下,店家一旦出现赶工的现象,就极大程度提高了“翻车”的风险。就连以质量和高昂的价格着称的“明华堂”也难逃此劫,去年发生了大量翻车事件,屡屡因为走线、勾丝、色差等问题在社交平台被抨击。,
,,对商家的投诉是汉服资讯微博上的常见内容,
,其次,因为爆单而拖欠工期这种情况,在大多数店家身上都有不同程度的体现。短则十天半个月,长的甚至可能几个月半年,甚至有“下定的时候我还是单身,现在孩子都抱上了衣服我都还没拿到”的极端情况。对于这样的问题,即便是“用爱发电”的小众服饰爱好者们也很难长期忍受。,
,精细化生产工期慢,但进入高速增长时期,规模化生产以及品控就必须提上日程,否则就只能始终停留在手工作坊的阶段,很难真正地破圈、出圈。,
,小众兴趣与排他性,
,阻碍小众服饰破圈的不仅仅是目前在规模化生产上所遇到的困难——成也萧何,败也萧何,小众文化的爱好者们,在凭借热爱让小众服饰成为了一门高速发展的生意的同时,也在阻碍着它的成长。,
,小众服饰的核心受众,一方面乐于看到自己喜爱的东西得到推广;另一方面,他们对自身的圈子有着强烈的保护欲,面对什么圈内常识规矩都不懂的小白,和入侵的山寨店家,充满抗拒和抵制,甚至有一定的攻击性。这种氛围就让不少徘徊在圈边的消费者望而却步:一方面入圈消费门槛对并不低,另一方面各类显性、隐形的规则,也多少有些劝退。,
,,知乎上关于仙汉分家的讨论,
,排外性放慢了小众服饰破圈、发展的步伐,让这类服饰很难真正地规模化,为更多人所接受,也限制了服饰店家的发展,阻碍了整个产业的发展。,
,产业规模化发展的迟缓,则又反过来导致定金尾款制下的翻车事件频发、黄牛泛滥、交易市场秩序混乱等由于供需平衡所出现的问题,难以从根本上被解决,从进一步恶性循环。,
,不过,今天的小众文化圈子也在逐渐扩大化。随着年轻文化更开放化,年轻人群对于小众服饰的接受度逐渐提升,尤其近两年的国风风潮对于汉服的推广也起到了不小的作用。,
,针对性的垂直产品也在逐渐浮现,辅助小众文化社区的提升。如最初定位为线上交流社区的汉服荟,随着平台用户的增多,已经陆续上线了导购、电商等频道,包括重回汉唐、汉尚华莲等比较有名的汉服品牌均有入驻,对汉服文化资讯形成沉淀的同时,也推动了产业更为有序化发展。,
,,汉服荟官网首页,
,对于任何一个兴趣社群而言,都会希望自己的同好队伍逐渐扩大,自己所喜欢的事物被更多人所热爱。那么在小众服饰作为一个特殊商品推广、泛化的过程中,符合商业规则和秩序的规模化生产势在必行,而随着小众服饰作为一门生意日渐兴盛,小众文化也能从中收益,终将有破圈的那一天。,
,本文来自微信公众号:深响(deep-echo),作者:昕怡,编辑:语珊。

ti tu lai zi: dong fang IC, 2019 nian 6 yue 26 ri, ha er bin gong cheng da xue da xue bi ye sheng pai she bi ye zhao. nv tong xue men shen zhuo han fu pai zhao, liu xia xiao yuan de mei hao shun jian.,, 2019 nian shi ge feng kou xi shu de nian fen. xiang jiao yu 2017 nian de xiao fei sheng ji 2018 nian de xin ling shou, 2019 nian zhi dao xian zai, yi ji shi chang yi ran chen ji, que shao hang ye xing de tou zi zhu ti. dan shi ji shang, zai zi ben biao mian shang de feng ping lang jing zhi xia, xin de yong hu xiao fei xing wei te xing, zheng zai tui dong ge zhong xin sheng shang ye xi fen ling yu xun su bo fa, zai yi ge ge da zhong zhu yi li zhi wai de jiao luo, chuang zao xin de cai fu yu ji yu.,, wei bu zhuo zhei xie xin sheng ji hui dian, shen xiang bian ji tuan dui zhuan men tui chu le xin xiao fei yuan su xi lie guan cha, tan jiu ge zhong xin sheng xiao fei wen hua bei hou de xiao fei luo ji he shang ye ben zhi. xin xiao fei yuan su xi lie de di 001 pian, shou xian qing da jia he wo men yi qi liao jie han fu zhe yang de xiao zhong fu shi bei hou de sheng yi jing shui zai wei zhei xie xiao zhong de yi fu mai dan? zhei xie kan si xia xiao de shi chang bei hou you you zhe shen me yang de shang ji? zuo zhe: xin yi, bian ji: yu shan.,, han fu Lo qun JK zhi fu,, nei xie ni jiao bu shang lai ming zi de fu zhuang pai xi, zheng sui zhe ya wen hua de fa zhan zhuang da, zhu jian zou chu man zhan wen hua jie, cheng wei jie tou ri chang ke jian de zhuo zhuang.,, ni huo xu hen nan li jie, wei shen me hui you ren wei zhei xie kuan pao da xiu de" gu zhuang" ceng ceng die die de" gong zhu qun" he zhong xue nv sheng xiao fu yi zhi qian jin, ye bu tai neng li jie zhei xie fu shi wei shen me neng zi cheng pai xi. dan zhu liu wen hua de bu li jie bing bu ying xiang xiao zhong fu shi de gao su zeng zhang, chui zhi mei ti han fu zi xun jiu ceng gu suan, 2018 nian han fu shang ye shi chang gui mo yi jing chao guo 10 yi yuan, bi 2015 nian 1. 5 yi yuan de gui mo fan le hao ji bei tian mao 2018 han fu xiao fei ren qun bao gao zhong ye xian shi, 2018 nian gou mai han fu ren shu tong bi zeng zhang 92.,,, zhong guo si chou bo wu guan tian mao guo chao lai le hua shang jiu zhou gong tong ju ban de guo feng da shang,, han fu JK zhi fu he Lo qun jin tian du zai nian qing ren ya wen hua zhong zhan ju le zi ji de yi xi zhi di, ye yin ci you le gui mo shi chang hua de ke neng xing. jin tian ju you" hu lian wang yuan zhu min"" Z shi dai" deng yi zhong biao qian de nian qing qun ti, xiang bi qi qian ji dai nian qing ren, bu dan dan yu hu lian wang lian jie geng jia jin mi, you zhe geng qiang de xin xi huo qu neng li, tong shi ye you zhe geng qiang de wu zhi ji chu, yun xu ta men zai ri chang sheng huo zhong ge xing te zheng geng qiang lie, fu shi xuan ze geng wei duo yang hua zhei xie shi chang te zheng dou wei xiao zhong fu shi de gui mo hua ti gong le ji chu.,,, qing nian zhi 90 hou qing nian sheng huo xing tai bao gao,, dan zhe ye jin jin shi yi ge kai duan. tong yang shou zhi yu shou zhong ge xing hua quan zi xiao zhong hua deng te dian, xiao zhong fu shi mu qian ye mian lin zhe shi chang ji zhong hua cheng du di huo ke huan man fu shi ding zhi hua yao qiu gao, yi ji chan liang zhi liang gen bu shang shi chang xu qiu deng wen ti.,, xiao zhong fu shi jiu jing shi yi men shen me yang de sheng yi? zai ge ge xi fen chui lei zhong, you nei xie kuai su jue qi de chui zhi shi chang tou bu wan jia? zhe ge xi fen ling yu xiang yao jin yi bu fa zhan, jie xia lai xu yao jie jue nei xie wen ti?,," quan zi wen hua zhong de yong hu: min gan kao jiu qiang kou bei qu dong",, zai tan ji ren he yi dian shang ye mo shi he ying xiao zhan lue qian, shou xian wo men xu yao ming bai de shi, zhe shi yi ge shen me yang de shi chang.,, dui yu han fu JK zhi fu he Lo qun zhei xie xiao zhong fu shi lei bie lai shuo, zui wei tu chu de te dian jiu shi yong hu qun zheng ti nian qing chui zhi, yi ji quan zi hua: zai zuo wei mou ge fu zhuang pai xi de xiao fei zhe qian, ta men shou xian shi dui ying ya wen hua de shou zhong, dui yu xiang ying de ya wen hua ji dui ying de quan zi, wang wang you zhe jiao qiang de shen fen ren tong he gui shu gan.,,, Lolita cha hui,, xiao zhong fu shi de xiao fei zhe bi ci zhi jian ye tong guo te shu cheng wei deng fang shi, gou jian quan ceng wen hua. ru han fu quan nei, tong hao bi ci zhi jian hu cheng wei" tong pao", qu zi shi jing zhong de" yu zi tong pao" Lo qun de ai hao zhe, ze bei cheng wei Lo niang. zhei xie cheng wei dou shi shen fen ren tong de ti xian.,, ye zheng shi yin ci zai zhe lei shi chang zhong, yong hu de xiao fei xing wei, bu jin jin yuan yu dui shang pin de xi hao, ye you yi ding de shen fen ren tong de cun zai zhe jiu shi de xiao zhong fu shi de he xin xiao fei zhe pin pai yi shi ji qiang, dui yu ban shi zhi shi deng wen ti min gan, zui tu chu de ti xian jiu zai yu fei chang qiang diao shan zheng zhi zheng.,, suo wei shan zhai, zai xiao zhong fu zhuang shi chang li zhi de shi zi ji bu zuo yuan chuang she ji, chao xi mo fang yuan chuang dian kuan shi de dian jia. you yu shan zhai dian jia wang wang jin xu yao feng ren ji bu liao deng jian dan gong ju jiu neng kai gong, bing neng shi yong shu ge ma jia yu zheng ban dian jia jin xing" you ji zhan", zai yuan chuang dian shang xin zhi hou, shan dian you wang wang neng tong guo geng di de jia ge qu sheng, zhu yao xi yin bu ming dao li, huo xi wang sheng qian de xiao fei zhe. jin guan dian jia hui cai qu ju bao deng cuo shi wei quan, dan xiao guo wei hu qi wei.,,,, shan zhai heng xing, bu gao xing de shi dian jia, geng bu gao xing de shi gou mai zheng ban de xiao fei zhe. ta men hua fei geng gao de jia ge, deng dai le man chang de zhi zuo gong qi yi huo de cheng yi, qi zhong you bu shao hai shi xu yao pin shou su qiang gou de xian liang ban, er gou mai shan zhai de ren que yi jiao di de jia ge duan zan de deng dai shi jian, huo de le xiang si de yi fu, zai zheng ban gou mai zhe xin zhong nan mian ge ying. tai du ji jin de Lo niang shen zhi dui chuan shan zhai de ren xing cheng le gu ding cheng hu" chuan shan jia".,, xiao fei zhe cai qu guo bu shao xing dong zi fa dui zheng ban jin xing bao hu, pi ru tie chu shan zhai dian jia yi lan biao, zai wei bo shang pai lei, geng you shen zhe, ceng you lu yu chuan shan zhai de mo sheng ren er dang zhong kai ma de an li fa sheng xiang ru ma lu ren zhe yang de xing wei xian ran yi jing guo fen pian ji, dan zu yi kan chu dui quan nei cheng yuan lai shuo, zheng ban yi jing cheng le mou zhong xin yang. qiang lie de zi fa xin nian ye shi zheng ban dian jia de dao le wen ding de gu ding xiao fei qun ti, xing cheng le xiao zhong fu zhuang shi chang zhong qiang pin pai xiao ying zhe yi da te dian.,,, tie ba zhong dui han fu shan zhai dian jia de zheng li tie,, er qiang lie de quan zi wen hua, shi de zai" shan zheng zhi zheng" yi wai," zheng ban" xiao fei zhe zhong ye chu xian le fen hua.,, li ru zai gou mai han fu de qun ti zhong, jiu cun zai zheng tong han fu dui gai liang han fu de" bi shi", song ming fu shi dui wei jin tang de" bi shi". han fu quan zhong jiu ceng jing fa sheng" xian han fen jia" de shi jian: liang pian shi qi xiong ru qun he wei jin feng, you yu bu ke kao ju de xing zhi, bei bu fen ai hao zhe ren wei bu ying gai bei cheng wei han fu, zhi shi shang jia zi chuang de hao kan yi fu, suo yi ying gai jiao xian fu zhe yi lei de xing zhi zhi zheng, ye yin qi le hen duo ren de bu man.,, er zai JK zhi fu he Lo qun zhong, ze you ri pai he guo pai zhi jian de fen hua, ben zhi shang ke yi suan shi ji yu jia ge er cun zai zhe" bi shi lian".,, zai Lo qun zhong, jing ying shi jian geng wei you jiu de ri pai, zai she ji zhi zuo deng fang mian jing yan geng wei feng fu, yin ci zhi liang da duo you yu guo pai, dang ran jia ge ye tong chang geng gao Lo qun ri pai jia ge tong chang zai qian yuan yi shang, gui de shen zhi ke yi da dao wan yuan er guo pai zheng ti ding wei geng wei ping yi jin ren, jun jia zai 500 yuan yi xia de ju duo.,, JK zhi fu zhong de fen lei ye cun zai ceng ci cha yi. zai ri ben, zhi fu fen wei xiao gong yu fei xiao gong: xiao gong de yi fu shi zhuan men gong ji xue xiao de, zhi neng gai xiao xue sheng gou mai, zhi hui ou er tong guo er shou shi chang zai xiao wai liu tong er chang jian de yi shou zhi fu, ze shi fei xiao gong de ri chang kuan, xing zhi ban shi yu xiao fu lei si, dan mei you gou mai xian zhi. wu lun shi xiao gong hai shi fei xiao gong, ri pai de JK zhi fu zheng ti jia ge jiao gao, er guo pai zai jia ge shang jiu bi jiao qin min, pian yi de chen yi bai yuan yi xia bian neng gao ding.,,, ri pai JK zhi fu COMOMI zai tian mao kai she le qi jian dian, bu guo zhe zhong ri pai guan fang dian zai zhong guo shang shu shao shu, wei guo pai de cheng zhang ti gong le ji hui,, zhe yang de xiao zhong quan ceng wen hua, ye ji da cheng du shang ying xiang le xiao zhong fu zhuang de pin pai gou jian fang shi.,, dui yu yong hu er yan, sui ran dan pin 200 500 yuan zhi jian de xiao fei shang ke jie shou, dan xiao zhong fu shi bi jing bu shi chang fu, dui yu dan ge yong hu lai shuo, gou mai de pin ci yong you de jian shu dou xiang dui you xian, er zai hang ye liang you bu qi de qing kuang xia, zi ji qu tong guo yi ci ci gou mai lai shi cuo zheng wei, cheng ben ye wei bi gao le yi xie zai zhe yang de qing kuang xia, tong guo zi xun bo shu dong bo deng fang shi, xin xi gong xiang, jiu neng ji da di jian shao xiao fei zhe yu shang jia zhi jian de xin xi cha.,, tong shi, ye you yu qian mian suo shuo dao de" shan zheng zhi zheng" deng min gan wen ti, zai zhi shi gui fan fu za you que fa gong shi, tong shi da duo xiao fei zhe kao ju neng li ye you xian de qing kuang xia, da zhong zheng ti hai shi xiang dui geng wei yang zhang pin pai kou bei, yi ji quan nei da hao zi xun wei zi ji de xiao fei xing wei zuo can kao. zhe ye yi wei zhe, quan nei" kou bei" dui yu shang jia zhi guan zhong yao, zai quan zi zhong huo de ren ke shi cheng gong de guan jian, shao liang zi xun hao he ye nei KOL zai quan nei geng shi ju zu qing zhong.,,, Lolita zi xun hao,, dui shang jia er yan, bei gua yi ci dui pin pai wang wang dou shi bu xiao de da ji, you qi zai fen pi chu huo de qing kuang xia, ru guo qian mian di pi ci chu xian le fu mian kou bei, sheng yu pi ci jing chang hui chu xian xue beng shi de tui huo qing kuang, dui yu ti liang jiao xiao de xin dian, shen zhi neng gou cheng feng dian bi dian de da ji.,,, mou han fu dian jing li tui kuan bi dian de feng bo,, chu le wei bo yi wai, ye you yu ya wen hua juan ceng tong shi ye shi yi zhong xing qu she qu, tie ba QQ deng zai wo men ri chang shi ye zhong yi jing tui ju er xian de she jiao chan pin, zai xiao zhong fu shi de fan shou zhong wang wang qi zhuo zhong yao zuo yong cong shou qian shou hou ke fu, dao chang qi pin pai wei hu yong hu guan li, tie ba QQ de" ban gong kai" dan bu bao lu xian shi sheng huo shen fen de fang shi, dui yu xiao zhong wen hua shou zhong er yan geng neng ti gong an quan gan.,, ci wai, ou er qie ru xian shi sheng huo de xian xia man zhan han fu wen hua huo dong deng ye shi shang jia tui guang de yi ge fang shi. yi Lo qun wei li, zai guo nei hui you yi xie pin pai zi ji de tui guang cha hui, ye hui you yi xie Lo niang zi fa zu zhi de cha hui. tui guang cha hui shang, shang jia hui mo fang ri pai Lo qun de xuan chuan fang shi, zai cha hui shang jin xing xin pin fa bu zou xiu, shen zhi tui chu cha hui xian ding kuan.,, kao lv dao shou zhong mi du deng yuan yin, xian xia huo dong zi ran hai shi ji zhong zai yi er xian cheng shi, yin ci dui yu xiao fei zhe lai shuo, xian xia tu jing reng ran bu shi xin xi huo qu de zhu yao tu jing, zhi shi fu zhu xing shou duan.,,, ri pai Lo qun AP zai shang hai de guan fang dian,," xiao zhong shi chang te se",, ding jin wei kuan zhi,, xiang dui er yan, zai xiao zhong fu shi zhong, han fu yu Lo qun de she ji ji zhi zuo gong yi dou jiao wei fu za: han fu you bu xiao de kao ju cheng ben, jian cai fang shi ye you yi yu chang fu er ceng ceng die die de Lo qun, nei chen lei si bian, mei chu jing zhi de xi jie dou shi yi dao dao de gong xu cheng ben. zhei xie yin su, ye zhi yue zhe xiao zhong fu shi de chan liang ti sheng.,, tong shi, ye yin wei shou zhong zhai xiao liang xiao, wei le ce shi shi chang fan kui, gui bi shang pin zhi xiao dai lai de kui sun, da liang shi li you xian de xiao zhong fu shi shang jia cai yong de dou shi ding jin wei kuan zhi. ding jin de bi li zai 30 zuo you jiao wei chang jian, shao shu qing kuang xia shen zhi hui chu xian quan kuan yu shou.,,, ding jin wei kuan xing shi,, ding jin wei kuan zhi zai tao bao ye bu suan han jian, dan xiang dang yu xiao pi liang ding zhi de xiao zhong fu shi, zai kai shi shou mai shou qu ding jin de shi hou ke neng zhi you dan jian yang yi, shen zhi shi jin jin zhi you she ji tu zhe jiu yi wei zhe, xiao fei zhe xia dan hou, xiang na dao shang pin kong pa hai yao jing guo man chang de deng dai.,, tong shi, zhi zuo gong qi jiao chang ye po shi shang jia bu de bu shi yong ding jin wei kuan zhi. ru ming hua tang zhe zhong zou gao duan lu xian de han fu shang jia, ke dan jia jiao gao, yi tiao dan qun jiu shi liang san qian de jia ge, zui gui de tao zhuang neng da dao wan yuan yi shang, er jie zhi mu qian ming hua tang guan wang shang xian shi gong qi yi jing pai dao le 2020 nian de 12 yue chu rang yong hu fu quan kuan hou hai yao zhang shi jian deng dai, gui mo jiao xiao de dian jiu hen nan cheng shou zhu zhe yang de ya li le.,,, ming hua tang guan wang,, pu bian de ding jin wei kuan zhi, ye yin qi le yi xie wen ti. bu shao shang jia shi yong de bing fei tao bao guan fang de ding jin wei kuan gong neng, er shi ding jin dan pai, zai xiao fei zhe pai xia ding jin hou, hai hui fa chu zhi zuo jing mei di ding jin han. dan shang jia tong shi yao qiu xiao fei zhe zai shou dao ding jin han hou ji que ren shou huo, xiang dang yu du li de yi dan jiao yi yi jing wan cheng, deng dao shang pin shi ji zhi zuo wan cheng hou, zai ling pai wei kuan zhe gei shang jia zai hou xu zhi zuo fei yong chan sheng bian hua de qing kuang xia, ti gong le yi xie huan chong bian tong de yu di, dan tong shi ye gei liu dan hou de jiu fen chu li dai lai liao bu shao ma fan.,, dang ran, ye nei ye you bu bi shi yong ding jin wei kuan zhi de shang jia. pi ru yi han fu gai liang kuan shi wei zhu de chuan dai, zui huo bao de yi fu de yue xiao liang ke yi da dao ji qian xiang bi yu zheng tong de han fu, ta geng ju bei liu xing xing de yuan su, ye geng jia bian yu chuan dai, jia ge ye xiang dui jiao di, ye yin ci hen shao cai yong ding jin wei kuan de fang shi, ji ben shang shi tong guo quan kuan xiao shou.,,, chuan dai de yi kuan re xiao han yuan su lian yi qun,, gao e ding jin, zai jia man chang de zhi zuo zhou qi, zai chang ren yan li kan lai shi nan yi jie shou de. dan chu yu re ai, yuan yi mao feng xian yuan yi deng dai de xiao zhong fu shi xiao fei zhe qi shi bing bu zai shao shu, yin ci ding jin wei kuan zhi zai xiao zhong fu shi quan zi nei ji ben shang yi jing cheng le chang tai.,, bu guo, you yu da liang xin shang jia yong ru zhe ge ling yu, zhe liang nian zhong tuo gong qi, zui hou hai huo bu dui ban de" fan che" shi jian pin fan bao fa, ye rang xiao fei zhe dui ci you suo fan si bi jing mai xi huan de yi fu hai mai chu le wei quan shi jian de qing kuang, rang ren xin lei zhi yu ye you wei zhui zhu xing qu de chu xin. zai ci ying xiang xia, zhi mai xian huo yi bi lei de xiao fei zhe shu liang ye zai shang sheng zhong.,, er shou jiao yi: hun luan er fen san,, xiao zhong fu shi shi chang hai you yi ge bi jiao tu chu de te dian, jiu shi yan sheng chu le pang da de er shou jiao yi shi chang.,, zhe li ye you ji zhong yuan yin. shou xian hai shi gang cai jiang dao de, chan liang xiao liang dou jiao xiao, bu shao kuan shi dou shi yi pi shu bai jian zuo you de liang, shi ji shang ke yi suan zuo shi xian liang ban. sui zhe xiao zhong fu shi de shou zhong zhu jian kuo da, yi xie xi que xian liang de jing dian kuan shi ye bei shou zhui peng, shen zhi ju you yi ding de shou cang jia zhi, zhe jiu cu jin le er shou shi chang de jiao yi.,, qi ci, chu le ri chang zi yong he shou cang xing de ai hao zhe yi wai, ye que shi you bi li bu xiao de xiao fei zhe chuan xiao zhong fu shi jin jin shi wei le pai zhao de." yi jian yi fu chuan zhe pai guo zhao yi hou, jiu shi qu le ta de ling hun." na me, tong guo er shou jiao yi lai chu li zhei xie yi jing pai guo zhao de fu shi, ye zai zheng chang bu guo le.,, tong shi, you you yu shang jia ben shen you xian de gong ji, zai yi shou jiao yi zhong, xu yao ding shi ding dian" qiang" xin kuan de qing kuang shi you fa sheng. er xiao zhong fu shi de ai hao zhe, you you ji gao de xing qu he re qing, na me zai er shou shi chang shang dun shou you yu pai wan zhao liao bu xu yao de yi fu deng deng yuan yin bei chu shou de yi fu, ye zai qing li zhi zhong.,, ling wai, ye you yu xi que xing, dui yu yi xie jing dian huo shi da re kuan shi er yan, er shou shi chang de jia ge shen zhi ke neng gao yu yuan dan jia ge.,,, yuan jia jin wei 900 duo de jiu wei, zai xian yu de er shou jia ge yi jing da dao qian yuan,, mu qian han fu de yi shou jiao yi xiang dui ji zhong, zhong guo han fu wang ceng gu suan 2018 nian, tao bao han fu shang jia chan zhi yue zhan xian shang xian xia suo you han fu shang jia chan zhi 75 zuo you. dan dui yu er shou jiao yi lai shuo, shi chang jiu geng wei fen san hun luan: tie ba wei bo he xian yu dou ke neng shi er shou jiao yi xin xi de ju ji di, jiao yi de fang shi ze shi ling san de, mei you jue dui gu ding de ping tai, tuo li jiao yi ping tai, zhi jie zhuan zhang fu kuan deng shou huo de yuan shi xian shang jiao yi ye shi you fa sheng zi ran ye you bu shao pian ju de cun zai, dan gao du C2C de shi chang ye hen nan cong jian guan ceng mian jin hang gui fan, dui shi chang zhi xu zao cheng le yi xie tiao zhan.,, hai zhi de yi ti de shi, you yu qian mian ti dao de ding jin wei kuan zhi, er shou jiao yi de dui xiang bu jin jin bao kuo xian huo, fu le ding jin de dan zi ye ke neng zai er shou shi chang shang bei jiao yi, tong yang ke neng huo de gao yu yuan dan de jia ge zhe zhong pu su qi huo shi chang de chan sheng, zi ran ye yin liao bu shao huang niu ru chang qiang dan, you jin yi bu po huai le xiao zhong fu shi de shi chang zhi xu.,," kuai su fa zhan bei hou de yin you",, gong ji shi heng xia de luan xiang,, yi shang de zhong zhong yin su zuo yong xia, jie he xiao zhong fu shi yu ri ju zeng de re du, zhe ge shi chang mu qian zheng yin ci mian lin gong xu guan xi shi heng de wen ti. mei ri jing ji xin wen jiu ceng bao dao, han fu shang jia" chong hui han tang" yuan xian dui 20182019 nian xiao liang de yu gu shi fan yi bei, shi ji qing kuang que fan le wu liu bei, er neng man zu sheng chan yao qiu de xian cheng de gong chang que shao zhi you shao. zai zhe yang de qing kuang xia gong chang de sheng chan gui mo gong si ren yuan pei bei, dou xu yao bu xiao de shi jian lai zhun bei wan shan.,, zhe zhong qing kuang xia, sui zhi er lai de wen ti zi ran jiu shi xing sheng de shan zhai shi chang.,, shan zhai de dian pu lue qu le she ji yan zhi he xuan chuan de shi jian jing li he tou ru, zai yuan liao gong yi cheng ben shang ye da le zhe kou, li run geng gao, xi yin liao bu shao tou ji zhe ru chang. sui ran di zhi shan zhai de sheng yin bu jue yu er, dan shan zhai chao xi yi ran neng zai xiao zhong fu shi shi chang zhong chi xia bu xiao de xiao liang. zai tao bao shang sou suo han fu JK zhi fu he Lo qun deng guan jian ci, sou suo jie guo zhong jiu hui hun za zhe da liang shan zhai chan pin, bu ju bei shan zhai he zheng ban de bian shi neng li de ren, hen rong yi jiu hui wu ru suo wei de shan zhai dian, gou mai chan pin.,,, yi kuan da huo de Lo qun ren xing shi, zai tao bao shang de sou suo jie guo ji hu quan shi shan zhai,, tong shi, you yu zheng ban fu shi gong qi zhang jia ge gui, hai bu rong yi mai dao, shan zhai shang jia kan zhun le zhe yi kuai de shang ji, zai xin pin shang jia de di yi shi jian bian tong guo dao tu, huo shi chong xin zhi ban da yang zi ji pai xiao guo tu de fang shi, gui bi zhi jie ban yun de ban quan feng xian. er qie, you yu shan zhai shang jia wang wang hui zai gong xu shang sheng shi, shan zhai kuan shi shen zhi you ke neng zai zheng ban shang jia zhi qian jiao huo, shen zhi ke neng hun xiao shi ting, gei shang wei jiao huo de zheng ban shang jia zao cheng fu mian kou bei, rang zheng ban shang jia ku bu kan yan.,, chu ci yi wai, huang niu ye zai gong xu shi heng de shi chang shang, fen dao le yi bei geng. pi ru kan si ping ping wu chang de er shou jiao yi, que ke neng zai zhuan dan shang an cang xuan ji. yi zhong huang niu de cao zuo shou fa shi, qiang gou re men dian pu de shang xin shang pin ding jin, zai gao jia mai chu. dui yu nei xie ji yu huo de yi fu que mei you qiang shang de xiao fei zhe lai shuo, ye yuan yi jie shou ci zhong chan sheng de cha jia.,,, qing hui ge qian li jiang shan, yi jue ban. yuan jia zai yi qian yuan,, er dui yu yi jing chu cheng pin de yi fu, ye ke yi jia yi li yong. qian mian ti dao, hen duo dian pu shi zhi xing xian liang xing wei, zao cheng le" yi yi nan qiu" de ju mian, ye yin ci chao gao le yi fu zai er shou shi chang shang de jia ge. huan ju hua shuo, ru guo shang jia bu zai ban, yi fu jiu xiang dang yu chu yu" jue ban" de zhuang tai, jiu you ke neng xiang gu dong yi yang, jia ge yue chao yue gao.,, er shou shi chang de jia ge guo gao you zhi jie ying xiang le yi shou shang pin de xiao shou. dang mou jia dian de yi fu zai er shou shi chang shang xing cheng gao jia, ye hui gei xiao fei zhe yi ji huang niu chan sheng zhe jia dian yi fu hen qiang shou de xin li yu qi, jiu hui zai hou xu shang jia de xiao shou zhong, cui sheng geng bu li xing de qiang gou, tui gao shang jia de xiao shou ye ji. ye yin ci, ye you bu shao ren cai ce shang jia ben shen ye zai zong rong mo xu zhe zhong dao mai ji qiang gou xing wei, wei zi ji hou xu kuan shi de xiao shou zao shi.,, zhi liang gan bu shang shu liang,, zheng ru qian wen suo yan, xiao zhong fu shi chan liang xiao liang you xian, da duo pi ci shu liang jiao xiao, yi ban dou shi zai que ren yu ding shu liang hou zai lian xi chang jia jin xing zhi zuo. zhe yang de cao zuo, zai kuai su kuo zhang shi qi jiu ke neng chu xian zhong zhong wen ti, you qi ti xian zai mu qian fa zhan xun su de han fu chan ye shang.,, shou xian, pang da de gong zuo liang jiang di chan pin de zhi liang. han fu xiao fei zhe dui yong liao cai jian yao qiu jiao gao, dan zai mu qian xu qiu liang kuai su ti sheng de qing kuang xia, dian jia yi dan chu xian gan gong de xian xiang, jiu ji da cheng du ti gao le" fan che" de feng xian. jiu lian yi zhi liang he gao ang de jia ge zhu cheng de" ming hua tang" ye nan tao ci jie, qu nian fa sheng le da liang fan che shi jian, lv lv yin wei zou xian gou si se cha deng wen ti zai she jiao ping tai bei peng ji.,,, dui shang jia de tou su shi han fu zi xun wei bo shang de chang jian nei rong,, qi ci, yin wei bao dan er tuo qian gong qi zhe zhong qing kuang, zai da duo shu dian jia shen shang dou you bu tong cheng du de ti xian. duan ze shi tian ban ge yue, zhang de shen zhi ke neng ji ge yue ban nian, shen zhi you" xia ding de shi hou wo hai shi dan shen, xian zai hai zi dou bao shang le yi fu wo dou hai mei na dao" de ji duan qing kuang. dui yu zhe yang de wen ti, ji bian shi" yong ai fa dian" de xiao zhong fu shi ai hao zhe men ye hen nan chang qi ren shou.,, jing xi hua sheng chan gong qi man, dan jin ru gao su zeng zhang shi qi, gui mo hua sheng chan yi ji pin kong jiu bi xu ti shang ri cheng, fou ze jiu zhi neng shi zhong ting liu zai shou gong zuo fang de jie duan, hen nan zhen zheng di po quan chu quan.,, xiao zhong xing qu yu pai ta xing,, zu ai xiao zhong fu shi po quan de bu jin jin shi mu qian zai gui mo hua sheng chan shang suo yu dao de kun nan cheng ye xiao he, bai ye xiao he, xiao zhong wen hua de ai hao zhe men, zai ping jie re ai rang xiao zhong fu shi cheng wei le yi men gao su fa zhan de sheng yi de tong shi, ye zai zu ai zhe ta de cheng zhang.,, xiao zhong fu shi de he xin shou zhong, yi fang mian le yu kan dao zi ji xi ai de dong xi de dao tui guang ling yi fang mian, ta men dui zi shen de quan zi you zhe qiang lie de bao hu yu, mian dui shen me quan nei chang shi gui ju dou bu dong de xiao bai, he ru qin de shan zhai dian jia, chong man kang ju he di zhi, shen zhi you yi ding de gong ji xing. zhe zhong fen wei jiu rang bu shao pai huai zai quan bian de xiao fei zhe wang er que bu: yi fang mian ru quan xiao fei men kan dui bing bu di, ling yi fang mian ge lei xian xing yin xing de gui ze, ye duo shao you xie quan tui.,,, zhi hu shang guan yu xian han fen jia de tao lun,, pai wai xing fang man le xiao zhong fu shi po quan fa zhan de bu fa, rang zhe lei fu shi hen nan zhen zheng di gui mo hua, wei geng duo ren suo jie shou, ye xian zhi le fu shi dian jia de fa zhan, zu ai le zheng ge chan ye de fa zhan.,, chan ye gui mo hua fa zhan de chi huan, ze you fan guo lai dao zhi ding jin wei kuan zhi xia de fan che shi jian pin fa huang niu fan lan jiao yi shi chang zhi xu hun luan deng you yu gong xu ping heng suo chu xian de wen ti, nan yi cong gen ben shang bei jie jue, cong jin yi bu e xing xun huan.,, bu guo, jin tian de xiao zhong wen hua juan zi ye zai zhu jian kuo da hua. sui zhe nian qing wen hua geng kai fang hua, nian qing ren qun dui yu xiao zhong fu shi de jie shou du zhu jian ti sheng, you qi jin liang nian de guo feng feng chao dui yu han fu de tui guang ye qi dao liao bu xiao de zuo yong.,, zhen dui xing de chui zhi chan pin ye zai zhu jian fu xian, fu zhu xiao zhong wen hua she qu de ti sheng. ru zui chu ding wei wei xian shang jiao liu she qu de han fu hui, sui zhe ping tai yong hu de zeng duo, yi jing lu xu shang xian le dao gou dian shang deng pin dao, bao kuo chong hui han tang han shang hua lian deng bi jiao you ming de han fu pin pai jun you ru zhu, dui han fu wen hua zi xun xing cheng chen dian de tong shi, ye tui dong le chan ye geng wei you xu hua fa zhan.,,, han fu hui guan wang shou ye,, dui yu ren he yi ge xing qu she qun er yan, dou hui xi wang zi ji de tong hao dui wu zhu jian kuo da, zi ji suo xi huan de shi wu bei geng duo ren suo re ai. na me zai xiao zhong fu shi zuo wei yi ge te shu shang pin tui guang fan hua de guo cheng zhong, fu he shang ye gui ze he zhi xu de gui mo hua sheng chan shi zai bi xing, er sui zhe xiao zhong fu shi zuo wei yi men sheng yi ri jian xing sheng, xiao zhong wen hua ye neng cong zhong shou yi, zhong jiang you po quan de na yi tian.,, ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: shen xiang deepecho, zuo zhe: xin yi, bian ji: yu shan.

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